Volume 48 - Issue 2 - 191 - 196

Camera-trap records of breeding Eurasian lynx (Lynx lynx) at the Mount Ilgaz Wildlife Reserve

Ilgazdağı Yaban Hayatı Geliştirme Sahası’nda Vaşak (Lynx lynx) Üreme Kayıtlarının Fotokapan Yöntemiyle Tespit Edilmesi

Breeding seasons are one of the most important periods for the life cycle of large mammals. The young individuals of large carnivore mammals are usually dependent on the female for food and protection. Therefore, availability of the sources and human disturbance at the breeding site are critical for a successful breeding season. The breeding site is of vital importance to the survival of the new-borns and thus to the trends in the population size. The present study assesses the breeding records of the Eurasian lynx (Lynx lynx) based on camera-trapping surveys at the Mount Ilgaz Wildlife Reserve in the province of Kastamonu. The surveys were conducted continuously over a four year period (2014-2018) and the results indicate that the camera-trap stations, which detected the cubs of Eurasian lynx, have also been used by the juvenile individuals of two other top predator large mammals, brown bear (Ursus arctos) and grey wolf (Canis lupus) and the juveniles of their prey species, red deer (Cervus elaphus) and brown hare (Lepus europaeus). Consequently, further assessment of the Wildlife Reserve Area considering the breeding records of the large mammals will contribute to have more effective protection for the Eurasian lynx and other wildlife populations in the Western Black Sea Region of Anatolia.

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