Volume 45 - Issue 4 - 639 - 645

Design of PHEMA Cryogel as Bioreactor Matrices for Biological Cyanide Degradation from Wastewater

Atıksulardan Biyolojik Siyanür Yıkımı İçin Biyoreaktör Matrisler Olarak PHEMA Cryogellerin Tasarımı

Cyanide is a hazardous substance and a toxic contaminant but it is found in the environment as a natural product of industrial activities. Biological methods are an alternative and promising potential approach to the conversion and destruction of other toxic byproducts that can be formed by both cyanide and chemical treatment. It is known that a lot of fungi, bacteria and some plants are used in biological treatment works. Trichoderma is a genus of fungi that has enzymes for cyanide destruction. It is known that microbial activity under aerobic conditions cyanide can be converted to ammonia and then nitrate by oxidation. Cryogels are gel matrices synthesized at temperatures below zero using monomeric or polymeric precursors. Polymeric network occurs while the solvent forms ice crystals. After the ice crystals melt, polymeric matrices with large pores are formed. Cryogels are used in a variety of areas of biotechnology, including chromatographic materials, carriers for immobilization of molecules and cells. In this study, poly(2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate) (PHEMA)-based Triccoderma spp. embedded supermacroporous cryogels were synthesized for cyanide destruction. The polymeric materials prepared were tested for cyanide degradation at different pH, temperature and initial concentrations to examine their suitability for this purpose.

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